(1889- 1973) (nicknamed "the
dean of Arabic literature") was one of the most influential
Egyptian writers and intellectuals. He was a figurehead for the
modernist movement in Egypt.
Taha Hussein was born in the village of Izbet el Kilo (ُعزبه الكيلو) in Minya Governorate in central Upper
Egypt. He contracted an eye infection as a child, and faulty treatment rendered him blind at
the age of three. He went to an
Islamic kuttab (a traditional school where children learn to
read, write, and recite the Quran), and then was sent to Al-Azhar University, where he
was educated in religion and Arabic literature.